Kitano-Tenmangu, also familiarly called as "Tenjin-san" or "Kitano-san", is located in the northern part of Kyoto. It is built to honor Sugawara no Michizane who lived 1,100 years ago (died in 903).
Sugawara no Michizane was very talented, hard working child that he was capable to create Waka and Chinese poems. He was also a distinguished politician, experienced a remarkable promotion and controlled the national politics.
However, later in his career, he was exiled to Dazaifu, Kyushu as a result of political maneuvers, where he died two years later.
Since then Kyoto suffered from heavy thunders and natural disasters. People feared the curse of Michizane, and because of the continuing disasters, the Imperial Court withdrawn the charge 20 years after Michizane is dead.
Then the shrine to honor Michizane was built in Kitano area in 947. Fujiwara no Morosuke, a relative of the Fujiwara family who plotted to charge the crime on Michizane, donated his house and the house was rebuilt to the magnificent shrine pavilions.
The shrine was given the title of "Kitano Tenmangu Tenjin" in 987 by Emperor Ichijo, and the Imperial Court kept the reverence for the shrine.
The shrine was attacked and burned away in 1444. Since the Edo Period it lost the image of the curse and started to be worshipped as a god of learning.